What is a Matrix

A matrix can be thought of as an array of numbers. It is usually denoted by a capital letter (such as M), and each component (called an entry) can be denoted $ M_{ij} $ where i is the row number (starting from 1) and j is the column number (starting from 1). A matrix can have any number of rows and columns, depending on the context. When referring to an arbitrary matrix of a given size i rows by j columns it can be denoted $ M_{ixj} $

For example, the following is a 2x3 matrix: $ \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 3 \\ 4 & 5 & 6 \end{bmatrix} $


A matrix can be used to


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BSEE 2004, current Ph.D. student researching signal and image processing.

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