Collective Table of Formulas

Indefinite Integrals

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General Rules
$ \int a d x = a x $
$ \int a f ( x ) d x = a \int f ( x ) d x $
$ \int ( u \pm v \pm w \pm \cdot \cdot \cdot ) d x = \int u d x \pm \int v d x \pm \int w d x \pm \cdot \cdot \cdot $
$ \int u d v = u v - \int v d u $
$ \int f ( a x ) d x = \frac{1}{a} \int f ( u ) d u $
$ \int F \{ f ( x ) \} d x = \int F ( u ) \frac{dx}{du} d u = \int \frac{F ( u )}{f^{'} ( x )} d u \qquad u = f ( x ) $
$ \int u^n d u = \frac{u^{n+1}}{n+1} \qquad n \neq -1 $
$ \int \frac{d u}{u} = \ln u \ ( if \ u > 0 ) \ \text{or} \ln {-u} \ ( \text{if} \ u < 0 ) = \ln \left | u \right | $
$ \int e^u d u = e^u $
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Transformations of the independent variable
$ \int F( a x + b) d x =\frac{1}{a} \int F( u) d u \qquad u = a x + b $
$ \int F( \sqrt {a x + b} ) d x =\frac{2}{a} \int u F( u) d u \qquad u = \sqrt {a x + b} $
$ \int F( \sqrt [n] {a x + b} ) d x = \frac{n}{a} \int u^{n-1} F( u) d u \qquad u = \sqrt [n] {a x + b} $
$ \int F( \sqrt {a^2 - x^2} ) d x =a \ \int F( a \cos u) \ \cos u \ d u \qquad x = a \sin u $
$ \int F( \sqrt {x^2 + a^2} ) d x =a \ \int F \left ( \frac {a}{\cos u} \right ) \frac {1}{\cos ^2 u} \ d u \qquad x = a \tan u $
$ \int F( \sqrt {x^2 - a^2} ) d x =a \ \int F \left ( a \tan u \right ) \frac {\tan u}{\cos u} \ d u \qquad x = \frac {a}{\cos u} $
$ \int F( e ^{a x}) d x = \frac {1}{a} \int \frac {F(u)}{u} \ d u \qquad u = e^{a x} $
$ \int F( \ln x ) d x = \int F(u)\ e^u \ d u \qquad u = \ln x $
$ \int F\left ( \arcsin \frac{x}{a} \right) d x = a \int F(u)\ \cos u \ d u \qquad u = \arcsin \frac {x}{a} $
$ \int F\left ( \sin x ,\cos x \right) d x = 2 \int F \left( \frac {2 u}{1 + u^2}, \frac {1 - u^2}{1+u^2} \right)\ \frac {d u}{1+ u^2} \qquad u = \tan \frac {x}{2} $
Integrals with ax +b
$ \int \frac {d x}{ ax + b} = \frac {1}{a} \ln (ax +b) $
$ \int \frac {x d x}{ ax + b} = \frac {x}{a} - \frac{b}{a^2} \ln (ax +b) $
$ \int \frac {x^2 d x}{ ax + b} = \frac {(ax+b)^2}{2a^3} - \frac {2b(ax+b) }{a^3} + \frac{b^2}{a^3} \ln (ax +b) $
$ \int \frac {d x}{\sqrt{a x +b}} = \frac {2\sqrt{ax+b}}{a} $
$ \int \frac {x d x}{\sqrt{a x + b}} = \frac {2(ax-2b)}{3a^2}\sqrt{ax+b} $
$ \int \frac {x^2 d x}{\sqrt{a x + b}} = \frac {2(3a^2x^2-4abx + 8b^2)}{15a^3}\sqrt{ax+b} $
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Ph.D. 2007, working on developing cool imaging technologies for digital cameras, camera phones, and video surveillance cameras.

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