Topic: Signal Energy and Power

## Question

Compute the energy $E_\infty$ and the power $P_\infty$ of the following discrete-time signal

$x[n] = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \left(\frac{1}{1+j}\right)^n & \text{ if } n>=0,\\ 0 & \text{otherwise}. \end{array} \right.$


\begin{align} E_{\infty}&=\sum_{n=0}^N |\left(\frac{1}{1+j}\right)^n|^2 \\ &= \sum_{n=0}^N (\left(\frac{1}{1+j}\right)^n * \left(\frac{1}{1-j}\right)^n) \\ &= \sum_{n=0}^N \left(\frac{1}{(1+j)(1-j)}\right)^n \\ &= \sum_{n=0}^N (\frac{1}{2})^n \\ &= \frac{1}{1-\frac{1}{2}} \\ &= 2 \\ \end{align}

So $E_{\infty} = 2$

\begin{align} P_{\infty}&=\lim_{N\rightarrow \infty}{1 \over {2N+1}}\sum_{n=0}^N |\left(\frac{1}{1+j}\right)^n|^2 \\ \text{Similar to math above, the expression can be derived towards}\\ &= \lim_{N\rightarrow \infty}{1 \over {2N+1}}\sum_{n=0}^N (\frac{1}{2})^n \\ &= \lim_{N\rightarrow \infty}{1 \over {2N+1}} \frac{1(1-(\frac{1}{2})^{N+1})}{1-\frac{1}{2}} \\ &= \lim_{N\rightarrow \infty}{1 \over {2N+1}}2 (1-(\frac{1}{2})^{N+1}) \\ &= \lim_{N\rightarrow \infty}{1 \over {2N+1}} (2-\frac{1}{2^N}) \\ &= \lim_{N\rightarrow \infty} \left(\frac{2-\frac{1}{2^N}}{2N+1} \right) \\ &= \frac{2}{\infty}\\ &= 0 \\ \end{align}

So $P_{\infty} = 0$.