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Electric Potential Sample Problem

Given electric potential equation $ V = x^3yz+2y^2z+xz^4 $, find:

a. The corresponding electric field equation for this potential

Using the identity $ E = - \nabla V $, we know that we need to compute the gradient of $ V $. We get:

$ \nabla V = \left[\begin{array}{l} \frac{\partial}{\partial x}(x^3yz+2y^2z+xz^4) \\ \frac{\partial}{\partial y}(x^3yz+2y^2z+xz^4) \\ \frac{\partial}{\partial z}(x^3yz+2y^2z+xz^4) \end{array}\right] \\ \nabla V = \left[\begin{array}{l} 3x^2yz + z^4 \\ x^3z + 4yz \\ x^3y + 2y^2 + 4xz^3 \end{array}\right] $

Applying the identity, we get:

$ E = \left[\begin{array}{l} -3x^2yz - z^4 \\ -x^3z - 4yz \\ -x^3y - 2y^2 - 4xz^3 \end{array}\right] $

b. The charge density of the field at $ (2,-3) $


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$ E = - \nabla V $

$ \nabla \cdot E = \frac{\rho}{\epsilon_0} $


$ \Delta V = -\Large\frac{\rho}{\epsilon_0} $

Alumni Liaison

Ph.D. on Applied Mathematics in Aug 2007. Involved on applications of image super-resolution to electron microscopy

Francisco Blanco-Silva