Line 40: | Line 40: | ||

So, what is c equal to? | So, what is c equal to? | ||

+ | ----- | ||

once again --mireille.boutin.1, Fri, 26 Oct 2007 14:30:38 | once again --mireille.boutin.1, Fri, 26 Oct 2007 14:30:38 | ||

− | Dividing by zero is not recommended. | + | : Dividing by zero is not recommended. |

Please clarify --ross.a.howard.1, Fri, 26 Oct 2007 18:16:00 | Please clarify --ross.a.howard.1, Fri, 26 Oct 2007 18:16:00 | ||

− | Can you please clarify where I divided by zero? I still do not know what to do with the arbitrary constant that comes up in the solution... | + | : Can you please clarify where I divided by zero? I still do not know what to do with the arbitrary constant that comes up in the solution... |

## Revision as of 10:58, 12 December 2008

I do not understand this difference equation, so could someone please explain it...

The Fourier Transform gives one answer, but it seems as though there are really more answers. One in paticular, c=0, appears to give better results for the step response...please see attached for explanation of what I am talking about...

- $ y[n] - y[n-1] = x[n]\ $
- $ \Rightarrow H(\omega) = \frac{1}{1 - e^{-j \omega}} $

From table in book:

- $ \begin{align} u[n] &\overset {\mathfrak{F}}{\longleftrightarrow} \frac{1}{1 - e^{-j \omega}} + \sum_{k=-\infty}^{\infty} \pi \delta (\omega - 2 \pi k) \\ 1 &\overset {\mathfrak{F}}{\longleftrightarrow} 2 \pi \sum_{l=-\infty}^{\infty} \delta (\omega - 2 \pi l) \end{align} $

- $ \Rightarrow H(\omega) = \frac{1}{1 - e^{-j \omega}} + \sum_{k=-\infty}^{\infty} \pi \delta (\omega - 2 \pi k) - \frac{1}{2} \cdot 2 \pi \sum_{l=-\infty}^{\infty} \delta (\omega - 2 \pi l) $

- $ \Rightarrow h[n] = \mathfrak{F}^{-1}(H(\omega)) = u[n] - \frac{1}{2}\ $

Find step response:

- $ \begin{align} y[n] &= x[n] * h[n] = u[n] * h[n] = \sum_{k=-\infty}^{\infty} u[k]h[n-k] \\ &= \sum_{k=-\infty}^{\infty} u[k] \left ( u[n-k] - \frac {1}{2} \right ) = \sum_{k=-\infty}^{\infty} u[k]u[n-k] - \frac{1}{2} \sum_{k=-\infty}^{\infty} u[k] \\ &= \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} u[n-k] - \frac{1}{2} \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} 1 = -\infty \end{align} $
- (this seems unreasonable!)

Note: The original eq. $ y[n] - y[n-1] = x[n]\ $ can be expressed as:

- $ h[n] - h[n-1] = \delta [n]\ $

By observation, $ h[n] = u[n] + c\ $ for any constant c. And further: the step response is divergent for $ c \ne 0\ $.

So, what is c equal to?

once again --mireille.boutin.1, Fri, 26 Oct 2007 14:30:38

- Dividing by zero is not recommended.

Please clarify --ross.a.howard.1, Fri, 26 Oct 2007 18:16:00

- Can you please clarify where I divided by zero? I still do not know what to do with the arbitrary constant that comes up in the solution...